October 13, 2020
🌟Potty training your dog or puppy
🌟When you get a new puppy or dog, you’ll need to show him or her what is acceptable in your home. For your dog to know what you want, you have to establish a predictable routine.
🌟For the first couple of weeks, a new dog of any age should be supervised when they have the full (or even partial) run of the house. During those times when you cannot supervise them, it is wise to confine them to a smaller area or a crate.
🌟Set up a daily schedule where you walk your dog (or carry them) to the desired elimination spot after meals, after naps, and every couple of hours in between. To reinforce that the trip has a purpose, you should not play with the dog during trips to eliminate. Use a word or phrase (like “do your business” or “go potty”) to remind the dog of the duty. As soon as they have produced, praise them greatly and give them a treat.
🌟Puppies cannot hold their bladders and bowels for more than a few hours. Even the most intelligent and well-intentioned puppy has to wait until its muscles develop before it can exercise appropriate bladder and bowel control, just like a human infant. If you must be away for more than two or three hours, and you are training the puppy to eliminate outdoors, you will need someone to help by walking the puppy for you.
🌟If you are training a puppy to eliminate on paper or in a litter box, the space the puppy is contained in will need to be large enough for a sleeping area away from an elimination spot. (Dogs don’t like to eliminate where they sleep.) Keep in mind that a puppy, if trained to eliminate on paper or a litter box, may have a lifelong surface preference; that is, even as an adult, he may eliminate on paper if it is lying around the house. Having a puppy eliminate in the house will prolong the process of teaching him to eliminate outdoors.
🌟After a week or so of no accidents, you can begin allowing the dog freedom in the house after each successful trip outdoors. Supervision will still be needed, however, as well as praise and an occasional reward. Supervise the dog anytime tgey are given free run of the house, watching for signs such as circling and sniffing corners.
🌟If an “accident” happens and you catch the dog in the act, stop them and escort them to the correct spot. Praise them if they stop eliminating when you ask them to. Be sure not to yell when you catch them in the act because this can cause them to discontinue eliminating in front of you, thus prolonging the potty-training process. It’s more effective to clean up the mess and put it in the designated elimination spot, so the smell will help your dog recognize that this is where to go.